|Full Name||Sir Isaac Newton|
|Born||4 January 1643|
|Died||31 March 1727|
|Education||Trinity College, Cambridge (1667–1668), MORE|
Early life and education
His dad died two months before he had been born. When he was three years old, his mother remarried and moved away, leaving Isaac at the care of his grandmother. After a basic education in neighborhood schools, in the age of twelve, he had been delivered to the King’s School in Grantham, England, where he lived in the house of a pharmacist (one who prepares and distributes medication) named Clark. Newton was interested in Clark’s chemical library and laboratory and built mechanical devices to entertain Clark’s daughter, such as a windmill run by a mouse, floating planters, and sundials.
Following Newton’s stepfather died, his mother returned to Woolsthorpe, and she pulled him out of school to help run the farm. He preferred reading to working, however, and it became apparent that farming was not his destiny. At the age of nineteen, he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, England. After receiving his bachelor’s degree in 1665, Newton stayed on for his master, but an outbreak of the plague (a highly infectious and deadly disease often carried by rodents ) induced the university to close. Newton returned to Woolsthorpe for eighteen weeks, from 1666 to 1667, during which time he performed the basic experiments and also did the significance of his later work on gravitation (the fascination the bulk of the Earth has for bodies near its surface) and optics (the study of light and the modifications it encounters and generates ). The story a falling apple suggested the idea of gravitation to him appears to be true. Newton also developed his own system of calculus (a kind of mathematics used to address problems in math ).
Returning to Cambridge in 1667, Newton quickly completed the requirements for his master’s degree and then started a period of enlarging on the work he had begun in Woolsthorpe. His mathematics professor, Isaac Barrow, was the very first to comprehend Newton’s strange skill. When Barrow resigned to take a different project in 1669, he recommended that Newton take his position. Newton became a professor of mathematics at age twenty-seven and remained at Trinity because of capacity for twenty-seven years.
Experiments in optics
Newton’s primary interest at the time was optics, and for many years his lectures were dedicated to the topic. His experiments in the field had grown from his interest in improving the effectiveness of telescopes (tools that enable the user to see distant objects via the bending of light rays through a lens). His discoveries concerning the nature and properties of light had led him to switch to ideas for a reflecting telescope rather than present ones depending on the refractive (bending) principle. Newton built several representing versions in which the picture was viewed in a concave (sounded like the interior of a bowl) mirror via an eyepiece at the side of the tube. In 1672 he sent one of them into the Royal Society (Great Britain’s earliest company of scientists).
Newton was honored if the members of the Royal Society were amazed at his own reflecting telescope and if they picked him for their membership. But when he made a decision to ship the society a paper describing his experiments on light and the decisions he had drawn, the results virtually changed history for its worst. The paper was printed in the society of Philosophical Transactions. Many scientists refused to accept the findings, along with many others were compared to conclusions that seemed to demonstrate that popular notions of light were false. Initially, Newton promptly answered his critics who have additional explanations, but if these made much more criticism, he became madder. He vowed he’d never published again, even threatening to quit science entirely.